# Productivity of Working from Home during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence from an Employee Survey

執筆者 森川 正之 (所長・CRO) 2020年9月  20-E-073

## 概要（英語）

Using data from an original survey conducted in June 2020, this study examines the prevalence, frequency, and productivity of working from home (WFH) practices during the COVID-19 pandemic in Japan. The results reveal that the percentage of employees who practiced WFH was approximately 32%. Labor input attributed to WFH arrangements accounted for approximately 19% of total working hours. Highly educated, high-wage, white-collar employees who work in large firms in metropolitan areas tended to practice WFH. The mean WFH productivity relative to working at the usual workplace was about 60% to 70%, and it was lower for employees who started WFH practices only after the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic. Meanwhile, highly educated, and high-wage employees, as well as long-distance commuters, tended to exhibit a relatively small reduction in WFH productivity.

Published: Morikawa, Masayuki, 2022. "Work-from-home productivity during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from Japan," Economic Inquiry, Volume60, Issue2 (2022), 508-527.
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ecin.13056