As a follow-up of the preliminary report by the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)'s Vice-Minister and young officials project, this research investigates a variety of issues related to the medium- to long-term social security and tax systems in Japan. The specific topics are as follows:
1) Reconsidering the definition of elderly people and constructing a lifelong working society.
2) Conversion toward a self-supporting healthcare and long-term care systems.
3) Desirable allocation of additional revenue raised from the consumption tax rate hike focusing on child rearing and education expenditures.