Place-based policy making is increasing in importance in addressing social challenges in Japan. In recent years, both the central government and local governments have gained increasing opportunities to engage in active and independent policy making. In making urban and regional policies, especially, it is important to consider interregional dependence and regional heterogeneity. For example, population decline is not observed uniformly across the country. Rural areas experience more severe population decline than urban areas due to interregional migration. On the other hand, urban areas experienced more severe effects of COVID-19 infection owing to population concentration during the pandemic. In the situation where policy impacts differ across regions, it is important to consolidate relations between central and local governments. Providing empirical research outcomes on policy making and evaluation, this research project aims to contribute to the promotion of evidence-based policy making for national and local governments.
September 5, 2022 - August 31, 2025
（During the research project period, the research activity period is set from September 5, 2022 to February 28, 2025, and the data usage reporting period is set from March 1, 2025 to August 31, 2025.）