RIETI Report November 26 2021

Artificial Intelligence and Society: Philosophy of Fallibility
Part 1: A "new cognitive structure" as a rational expectations equilibrium

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This bi-weekly newsletter will keep you updated with the recent columns, event information and research results by RIETI fellows and other leading economists in Japan and around the world.

In this edition, we are presenting the topic related to artificial intelligence. As there are expectations and concerns over AI, how we can frame our future vision of society now?
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Editors of RIETI Report (Facebook: @en.RIETI / Twitter: @RIETIenglish / URL: https://www.rieti.go.jp/en/)

This month's featured article

Artificial Intelligence and Society: Philosophy of Fallibility
Part 1: A "new cognitive structure" as a rational expectations equilibrium

KOBAYASHI KeiichiroFaculty Fellow, RIETI

How should we live our lives at present and into the near future as artificial intelligence (AI) continues to develop and spread? What is an appropriate framing for our future vision of society and what kind of public philosophy can we cultivate?

I will first touch upon the theory of strong isomorphism. It regards both the development of human intelligence and the expansion of new knowledge due to AI as evolving with a similar mechanism. It means that the development of intelligence takes place in an ever-changing universe. Under the modern scientific worldview, human reason was explained as something that seeks to understand the mechanisms of the physical world from the outside. Even under the mechanistic worldview that was prevalent around the 19th century, both the universe and humans were conceived as "ex-machina" structures. However, reason, which understands and controls the mechanisms, was thought to be outside of the physical universe. This can be compared to a situation where a physicist is observing the inside of the laboratory from the outside. However, with the arrival of AI, we are faced with the reality that even reason exists within the physical universe.

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