This month's featured article
Working hours decrease due to technological progress and increase due to urban agglomeration
AGO TakanoriProfessor, School of Commerce, Senshu University
MORITA TadashiAssociate Professor, Kindai University
TABUCHI TakatoshiFaculty Fellow, RIETI
YAMAMOTO KazuhiroAssociate Professor, Graduate School of Economics, Osaka University
Working hours increased during the Industrial Revolution and decreased afterward (Voth 2003). Although working hours decreased after World War II all over the world, overworking has become a social problem in the US, among others (Kuhn and Lozano 2008).
There are two stylised facts on geographical differences in working hours across countries and regions.
- First, working hours are longer in less developed countries.
- Second, working hours are longer in more urbanised regions than rural regions.
If urbanised regions such as big cities are regarded as developed countries, these two facts look contradictory. We show in this column that this is not a contradiction. We present two key factors—production technology and urban agglomeration—which explain the mechanisms behind the geographical differences in working hours.
To read the full text
Fellow titles and links in the text are as of the date of publication.
For questions or comments regarding RIETI Report, please contact .
RIETI Report is published monthly.