|Author Name||SATO Kazuma (Meikai University) / FUKAHORI Ryotaro (Kanazawagakuin University) / NOZAKI Kayo (Kochi University)|
|Creation Date/NO.||March 2016 16-J-030|
|Research Project||The Effect of Diversity on Economic Growth and Business Competitiveness|
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This study examines the effect of industry and occupational experience on the re-employment of married Japanese women by using the Employment Status Survey. The analysis clarified the following three findings. First, the analysis on re-employment shows that professional and technical workers such as nurses, other health care workers, and social welfare professional workers have a higher probability of re-employment than other workers. Second, the analysis on re-employment to the same occupations shows that nurses and other health care workers have a higher probability of re-employment to the same occupations. The analysis on re-employment to the same industry shows that workers in wholesale and retail trade, restaurants, and service industries tend to work in the same industry. Third, the analysis on unwilling employment shows that married women who work in the same occupation or industry after re-employment tend not to be unwilling workers, and especially that nurses and social welfare professional workers have a lower probability to be unwilling workers.
The above results indicate that professional and technical workers such as nurses tend to work in the same occupation or industry after re-employment, implying that these occupations and industries regard the occupational specific human capital and industry specific human capital as important. These results are related with the argument about job-based regular employees. Workers who have clear job descriptions or are highly skilled are easily assessed in the external labor markets and are able to change companies smoothly. However, the results also indicate that a considerable number of married women change their occupations or industries after re-employment. Although some of them do so voluntarily, it is indispensable to make provisions for the Japanese labor market in order to suppress the loss of human capital in re-employment.