Endogenous Labor Supply and International Trade

Author Name AGO Takanori (Senshu University) / MORITA Tadashi (Kindai University) / TABUCHI Takatoshi (Faculty Fellow, RIETI) / YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro (Osaka University)
Creation Date/NO. October 2014 14-E-062
Research Project Spatial Economic Analysis on Regional Growth
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It is assumed in new trade theory and new economic geography that the supply of labor is fixed, which is not true in real labor markets. We develop a model of new trade theory by incorporating an elastic labor supply and analyze the impacts of technological progress on the equilibrium outcomes of working hours and economic welfare. We first show that the labor supply curve is backward bending. We then show that working hours in developed countries are longer in the first stages of development, but shorter in the second stages of development.

Published: Ago, Takanori, Tadashi Morita, Takatoshi Tabuchi, and Kazuhiro Yamamoto, 2017. "Endogenous labor supply and international trade," International Journal of Economic Theory, Vol. 13(1), pp. 73-94