Technological Knowledge and Offshore Outsourcing: Evidence from Japanese firm-level data

Author Name ITO Banri  (Fellow, RIETI) /TOMIURA Eiichi  (Faculty Fellow, RIETI) /WAKASUGI Ryuhei  (Faculty Fellow, RIETI)
Creation Date/NO. May 2011 11-E-052
Research Project Study on Offshore Outsourcing by Japanese Firms
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This paper empirically examines the effects of knowledge capital on offshore outsourcing choices based on original survey data of Japanese firms. The results of a multinomial logit model demonstrate that firms' offshoring is positively correlated with knowledge capital measured by their R&D activities or patenting, even after controlling for other firm characteristics including productivity, capital intensity, firm age, and export status. Further, knowledge-intensive firms are more inclined to choose foreign insourcing rather than outsourcing, suggesting that firms tend to internalize their technological knowledge in offshore sourcing.