Effects of Offshore Production and R&D on Domestic Innovation Activities

Author Name YAMASHITA Nobuaki (Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology (RMIT) / Keio University) / YAMAUCHI Isamu (Research Associate, RIETI)
Creation Date/NO. September 2019 19-E-068
Research Project Frontiers of Innovation Policy: Evidence from micro data
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There has been a global shift in the distribution of manufacturing jobs and activities away from high-wage countries to low-wage countries for the past few decades. This paper examines a largely unexplored channel of the effects of offshore production on onshore (domestic) innovation performance. Controlling for the endogeneity, we find that increased offshore employment and R&D do not have positive impact on the domestic innovation measured by the number of patent applications and the number of forward citations on average. However, offshore R&D increases the quality of domestic innovation when the firms expand R&D function to the developed countries while it has a negative effect in the developing countries. We also find a synergistic effect between production and R&D activities. Therefore, separating the two activities can decrease the efficiency of resource allocation on the domestic innovation.

Published: Yamashita, Nobuaki, and Isamu Yamauchi, 2019. "The effects of offshore production on onshore innovation: Evidence from Japanese multinationals," Research Policy, Vol. 48(9), 103836