Collaborative Knowledge Creation: Evidence from Japanese patent data

Author Name MORI Tomoya (Faculty Fellow, RIETI) / SAKAGUCHI Shosei (University of Tokyo / JSPS)
Creation Date/NO. October 2018 18-E-068
Research Project An Empirical Framework for Studying Spatial Patterns and Causal Relationships of Economic Agglomeration
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In this paper, we quantitatively characterize the mechanism of collaborative knowledge creation at the individual researcher level a la Berliant and Fujita (2008) by using Japanese patent data. The key driver for developing new ideas is found to be the exchange of differentiated knowledge among collaborators. To stay creative, inventors seek opportunities to shift their technological expertise to unexplored niches by utilizing the differentiated knowledge of new collaborators in addition to their own stock of knowledge. In particular, while collaborators' differentiated knowledge raises the average cited count, average (technological) novelty, and the quantity of patents for which an inventor contributes to the development, it has the largest impact on the average novelty among the three.