Role of the Credit Risk Database in SME Financing

Author Name MAEHARA Yasuhiro  (Hitotsubashi University)
Creation Date/NO. September 2013 13-J-067
Research Project Establishment of Credit Risk Database in Selected Asian Countries and Improvement of SME Database to Promote the Efficient Allocation of Loans to the Growing SME Sector
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Asymmetric information makes it difficult for small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to raise funds. In order to reduce the asymmetry of information, a framework for sharing credit risk information will be useful. Currently, sharing credit risk information on individual SMEs has been made available by credit bureaus and credit-rating firms. However, in the future, such information will not be adequate for achieving more diversified and efficient relationship and transaction-based lending. It is necessary to establish a common benchmark in the form of a credit risk index of average SMEs based on a large-scale credit risk database. Because such a credit risk database would be a public good in the information infrastructure, collaboration between the private and public sectors would be desirable.