International Transmission of the 2008 Crisis: Evidence from the Japanese stock market

Author Name HOSONO Kaoru  (Gakushuin University) /TAKIZAWA Miho  (Toyo University) /TSURU Kotaro  (Senior Fellow, RIETI)
Creation Date/NO. May 2011 11-E-050
Research Project Economic Analysis of Organizations and Institutions: The design of organizations and institutions to enhance corporate performance and growth
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We investigate the international transmission of the credit crisis triggered by the Lehman default in September 2008 using Japan's stock market data. Using cumulative returns (CR) during the crisis, starting from the day of Lehman's default and lasting until the day prior to the news of the TARP capital injection, we find that CR is negatively correlated with the export-to-sales ratio, the loan-to-asset ratio, and the share owned by foreign investors. Once controlling for market risk, however, cumulative abnormal returns (CAR) during the same period shows a different picture. CAR is not negatively correlated with export shares or the share owned by foreign investors, which implies that neither trade channels nor portfolio-rebalancing by foreigners are unique characteristics of the crisis, but can be observed in normal downturns. We find that CAR is negatively correlated with the loan-to-asset ratio, suggesting that market participants were worried about the credit crunch. We also find that CAR is negatively correlated with the shares of exports to North America and Asia after controlling for total exports, suggesting that the composition of export destination matters. Finally, we find that the concentration of export destination is also relevant.