Intra-firm Trade and Contract Completeness: Evidence from Japanese affiliate firms

Author Name MATSUURA Toshiyuki  (Keio University) /ITO Banri  (Fellow, RIETI)
Creation Date/NO. June 2009 09-E-026
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The issue on growth and its variation of intra-firm trade of intermediate inputs is of great interest in international economics. This paper examines the determinants of intra-firm trade by shedding light, not only on factor price and trade cost, but also on the organizational form in terms of the ownership of overseas plants and control over intermediate input for further processing, using micro data at the affiliate firm level. In the empirical analysis, since organizational form and intra-firm trade are jointly determined, we adopted instrumental variable regression treating the choice of a purchasing manager as an endogenous variable. The results suggest that control over input decisions critically affects intra-firm trade of intermediate inputs.