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JIP Database 2012

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Japan Industrial Productivity Database 2012 (JIP Database 2012)

The Japan Industrial Productivity Database 2012 (JIP Database 2012) is an extended version of the JIP Database 2011 that was compiled in a collaborative effort between RIETI under its East Asian Industrial Productivity Project within the Raising Industrial and Firm Productivity Program and Hitotsubashi University's Global Centers of Excellence (COE) Program "Research Unit for Statistical and Empirical Analysis in Social Sciences" (Hi-Stat).

The JIP Database 2012 comprises, for the period 1970-2009, various types of annual data necessary for estimating total factor productivity (TFP) in 108 industries covering Japan's economy as a whole, including capital service input indices and capital costs, quality-adjusted labor service input indices and labor costs, nominal and real output and intermediate inputs, as well as growth accounting results, including estimates of TFP growth rates.

The JIP Database 2012 extends the JIP Database 2011 (released on October 24, 2011) by one year to 2009, employing exactly the same estimation approach and industry classifications. Moreover, as in the JIP Database 2011, the 2000 Benchmark Revision of the National Accounts is used for control totals. We plan to revise the estimation approach and the industry classifications when we release the JIP Database 2013 based on the 2005 Benchmark Revision of the National Accounts.

The global economic crisis triggered by the collapse of Lehman Brothers in September 2008 has posed severe challenges to the Japanese economy and economies around the globe. How TFP and employment have been affected by the global economic crisis is an issue that has attracted the interest of researchers worldwide. The JIP Database 2012 covers a little over a year of this period of crisis, and we hope that it will contribute to research on structural changes in inputs of factors of production and productivity.

JIP Database 2012 was compiled by the following scholars.

Annual input-output tables

  • MATSUURA Toshiyuki (Keio University)
  • KIM YoungGak (Senshu University)
  • MIZUTA Takeshi (Graduate School of the University of Tokyo and RIETI)
  • KWON Hyeog Ug (Nihon University and RIETI)
  • FUKAO Kyoji (Hitotsubashi University and RIETI)

Capital service input data

  • MIYAGAWA Tsutomu (Gakushuin University and RIETI)
  • INUI Tomohiko (Nihon University)
  • HISA Shoichi (Yokohama City University)

Labor input data

  • TOKUI Joji (Shinshu University and RIETI)
  • MAKINO Tatsuji (Hitotsubashi University and RIETI)

Supplementary tables

  • ITO Keiko (Senshu University and RIETI)
  • INUI Tomohiko (Nihon University)
  • MATSUURA Toshiyuki (Keio University)
  • KIYOTA Kozo (Yokohama National University and RIETI)
  • TANAKA Kiyoyasu (Institute of Developing Economies)

Investment and capital stock in intangible assets
(Joint research with Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research(S) "Empirical Research on Intangible Investment in Japan"project)

  • MIYAGAWA Tsutomu (Gakushuin University and RIETI)
  • HISA Shoichi (Yokohama City University)

Estimation system

  • KONISHI Yoko (RIETI)
  • ABE Takeshi (RIETI)
  • HITOMI Kazuya (RIETI)

The original version of the JIP Database—the ESRI/Hi-Stat JIP Database 2003—was compiled in a collaboration between the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Cabinet Office, as part of its "Japan's Potential Growth" research project, and Hitotsubashi University, as part of its Hi-Stat project. The database developers are grateful to ESRI for the support and cooperation it provided in constructing the JIP Database 2012.

The key characteristics of the JIP Database 2012 include the following:

  • Both the database itself and its underlying original data are defined as public property and thus, in principle, will be made available to the general public;
  • The data contained in the JIP Database 2012 are consistent with the 1993 System of National Accounts (93SNA), and the 2000 Benchmark Revision of National Accounts is used for control totals; and
  • The JIP Database 2012 will form part of the EU's World Input-Output Database (WIOD) project, successor to the EU KLEMS project. The EU KLEMS project has been estimating TFP by industry for the major EU member states, the United States, South Korea, and other countries, to make possible the international comparison of absolute productivity levels, including Japan's.

Data download

If your PC does not have Microsoft Excel installed, you can download Excel Viewer from Microsoft for free at http://www.microsoft.com/download/

2. Capital input

updated April 18, 2013
1) Investment by sector [XLS:724KB]
   i) Investment by sector (current prices, million yen)
   ii) Investment by asset (current prices, million yen)
   iii) Investment by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   iv) Investment by asset (2000 prices, million yen)
   v) Indices of capital input by sector (2000=1)
   vi) Indices of capital quality by sector (2000=1)
   vii) Average annual change in real net capital stock by sector (%)
   viii) Real net capital stock by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   ix) Real net capital stock by type of capital good (2000 prices, million yen)
   x) Nominal capital services (nominal rental price × real net capital stock) (current prices, million yen)
updated April 18, 2013
2) IT investment by sector [XLS:691KB]
   i) IT investment by sector (current prices, million yen)
   ii) IT investment by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   iii) IT investment (hardware) by sector (current prices, million yen)
   iv) IT investment (hardware) by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   v) IT investment (software) by sector (current prices, million yen)
   vi) IT investment (software) by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   vii) IT capital stock by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
   viii) Non-IT capital stock by sector (2000 prices, million yen)
3) Investment matrix and stock matrix
updated April 18, 2013
   i) Investment matrix (current prices, million yen) [XLS:2.55MB]
updated April 18, 2013
   ii) Investment matrix (2000 prices, million yen) [XLS:2.6MB]
updated April 18, 2013
   iii) Capital stock matrix (2000 prices, million yen) [XLS:2.74MB]

updated April 24, 2013
4. Growth accounting [
ZIP:1.95MB]

1) List of contents
2) Definition of aggregated sectors
3) Real gross output (million yen, 2000 price)
4) Growth rate of real gross output
5) Nominal gross output (million yen)
6) Real intermediate input (Divisia index, 2000=1.000)
7) Real intermediate input (simple summation, million yen, 2000 price)
8) Nominal intermediate input (million yen)
9) Nominal value added (million yen)
10) Labor input index (Divisia index, 2000=1.000)
11) Nominal labor cost (million yen)
12) Labor quality index (2000=1.000)
13) Man-hour input index (2000=1.000)
14) Capital service input (Divisia index, 2000=1.000)
15) Nominal capital service input (nominal rental price*real net capital stock, million yen)
16) Capital quality index (2000=1.000)
17) Real net capital stock index (2000=1.000)
18) Cost share of each production factor
19) TFP growth rate by sector
20) Contribution of each production factor (value added basis)
21) Contribution of each production factor (gross output basis)
22) Growth accounting (value added basis)
23) Growth accounting (gross output basis)
24) Figure: TFP growth rate (percent per annum, value added basis)

8.Downloadable files in Text format and STATA format

updated May 29, 2013
Variable table [XLSX:25KB]
updated May 29, 2013
Text (csv) format [ZIP:7.66MB]
updated May 29, 2013
STATA (dta) format [ZIP:10.74MB]

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