智能城市的国际标准化——
中国的“突发公共卫生事件应急条例草案”呈现的规则制定现状

作者 内田香子(名古屋大学)
发表日期/编号 2022年3月 22-J-015
研究课题 现代国际贸易投资体制的综合研究(第V期)
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概要

A Nikkei newspaper article (5th August 2020) regarding China's standard draft on public health emergencies in smart cities attracted attention and raised concerns over China's standard setting power during this pandemic. This paper explores the recent development of rules and standards for smart cities. Currently, there are four major international standard-setting forums for smart cities: (1) the International Organization for Standardization (ISO); (2) the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC); (3) the ISO/IEC Joint Technical Committee and (4) the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). Moreover, other institutions, such as the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the Group of Twenty (G20), have been discussing concepts and principles for smart cities. The reason why so many forums/regimes are addressing smart cities is that it is necessary to define what makes a smart city. However, if there are several institutions addressing smart cities, it would cause problems including competition and redundancies among those institutions. Also, there is a growing issue of data governance and smart cities, which has raised a concern related to which institution can properly address the issue. It remains to be seen how the rule-making systems of these institutions would interact in an effective way.