Empirical Analysis: Technological character, type of function, and longevity of standardized knowledge

Author Name TAMURA Suguru (Senior Fellow, RIETI)
Creation Date/NO. March 2017 17-P-007
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This study determines the validity of the current de jure standards management system. The de jure standard is an important tool for innovation policy, and also forms part of the social infrastructure. However, its management system, following standards formation, has not been well investigated. Its review interval has been fixed in the management system and maintained without empirical examinations. The validity of a fixed review interval is examined in this study. For this purpose, the factors that could potentially influence the longevity of standards are examined, and ways to improve the management system of de jure standards are discussed. The de jure standard is used in both developing and developed countries; hence, the policy implications are applicable across the world. This study finds through the empirical analysis that the type (or function) of de jure standards (e.g., design and mark standards) influences longevity. The influence of designs on innovation is an emerging research area that is currently studied through the analysis of design patent data. However, the design and mark standards have not been well studied from an economic perspective. In sum, this study has the following contributions: 1) Technological categories have significantly different effects on longevity, and the longevity of some technological sectors is longer than others, which indicates a need for a more flexible interval system, 2) The results indicate that the longevity of the design and mark standard is longer than that of other types of standards, and 3) Longevity is not significant in the information technology category. This result could support the argument that information technology becomes a General Purpose Technology (GPT).