1991 在美国西北大学取得学士学位
1996 在美国哈佛大学取得博士学位(经济学)
   (National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellow)


1996-现在 美国国家经济研究局教职研究员
1996-2001 美国加州大学戴维斯分校经济系副教授
1999-2001 美国加州大学戴维斯分校东亚研究学科主任
2001-现在 美国哥伦比亚大学商学院准教授(金融、经济学)
2002-现在 美国哥伦比亚大学商学院国际商务学科主任


  • [1] "Measuring the Impact of U.S. Research Consortia," with Mariko Sakakibara (UCLA), forthcoming in Managerial and Decision Economics.
  • [2] "Has Japan's Innovative Capacity Declined?" with Yoshiaki Nakamura (Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry; Government of Japan), forthcoming in Anil Kashyap, Jenny Corbett, Magnus Blomstrom, and Fumio Hayashi, (eds.), Structural Impediments to Growth in Japan, University of Chicago Press and NBER.
  • [3] "Trade and Foreign Direct Investment in China: A Political Economy Approach," with Robert Feenstra (UC-Davis), Journal of International Economics, vol. 58, no. 2, December 2002, pp. 335-358.
  • [4] "When Do Research Consortia Work Well and Why? Evidence from Japanese Panel Data," with Mariko Sakakibara (UCLA), American Economic Review, vol. 92, no. 1, March 2002, pp. 143-159.
  • [5] "Do Stronger Patents Induce More Innovation? Evidence from the 1988 Japanese Patent Law Reforms," with Mariko Sakakibara (UCLA), RAND Journal of Economics, vol. 32, no. 1, Spring 2001, pp. 77-100. Reprinted in R. Towse and R. Holzhauer, (eds.), The Economics of Intellectual Property, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2001.
  • [6] "Are Knowledge Spillovers International or Intranational in Scope? Microeconometric Evidence from Japan and the United States," Journal of International Economics, vol. 53, February 2001, pp. 53-79.
  • [7] "Vertical Keiretsu and Knowledge Spillovers in Japanese Manufacturing: An Empirical Assessment," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, vol. 14, June 2000, pp. 73-104.
  • [8] "Japanese Research Consortia: A Microeconometric Analysis of Industrial Policy," with Mariko Sakakibara (UCLA), Journal of Industrial Economics, vol. 46, no. 2, June 1998, pp. 207-233.
  • [9] "Looking for International Knowledge Spillovers: A Review of the Literature with Suggestions for New Approaches," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique No. 49/50, 1998, pp. 517-540.
  • [10] "Foreign Direct Investment and R&D Spillovers: Is There a Connection?" in Takatoshi Ito and Anne Krueger, (eds.) The Role of Foreign Direct Investment in East Asian Economic Development, NBER and University of Chicago Press, 2000.
  • [11] "Does Cash Flow Cause Investment and R&D? An Exploration Using Panel Data from French, Japanese, and United States Scientific Firms," with Bronwyn Hall (UC-Berkeley), Jacques Mairesse (EHESS and CREST, Paris), and Bruno Crepon, (INSEE), in David Audretsch and Roy Thurik, (eds.) Innovation, Industry Evolution, and Employment, Cambridge University Press, 1999.
  • [12] "New Business Investment Company: October 1997," with Joshua Lerner (HBS) and Takeshi Nakabayashi (NBI), Harvard Business School Case No. N9-299-025, 1999.
  • [13] "China's Changing Role in East Asia and the World Economy," (in Japanese), in MITI Research Review, vol. 14, March 2000, pp. 98-121.
  • [14] "Technology Spillovers in Production Keiretsu," (in Japanese) in Financial Review vol. 46, Special Issue "Human Investment and R&D," July 1998, pp. 72-86.


  • 1997  经济协力开发机构(巴黎)科学技术理事会顾问。从事科学技术相关活动的国际测定方法的开发。
  • 1997- 美国商务部、技术管理、美国国家标准及技术学院的尖端技术课题顾问
  • 2003- 世界银行调查组顾问。从事发展中国家的知识产权制度的改正对跨国企业行为的影响方面的研究。