关于为避免新冠病毒感染传播企业减少面对面接触:日本企业的数字化和全球化关系的调查结果概要

作者 富浦英一(教职研究员)、伊藤万里(研究助理)、熊埜御堂央(一桥大学)
发表日期/编号 2021年7月 21-J-031
研究课题 有关全球化、数字化、新冠病毒大流行下的企业活动实证分析
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概要

Among various effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, reductions in face-to-face contact are likely to have deep impacts on a wide range of issues, including personal work styles, inter-firm transactions, and locations of firms. We conducted a survey of all medium or large-sized firms in manufacturing and wholesale industries in Japan to collect information on their reduction of face-to-face contact by such means as holding online meetings and instituting teleworking. We questioned them on their adoptions at the following four points in time: December 2019, before the pandemic; April/May 2020, under the first state of emergency; September/October, after the introduction of subsidies for travelling; and January 2021, under the second state of emergency in some regions. The survey results show that substantially more firms began using online meetings and teleworking, but significant variation continued across firms even under the second state of emergency. Firms that had been digitized or globalized before the pandemic tended to be especially active in introducing measures for reducing face-to-face contacts.