After Dr. Abe received his B.A. in Law from the University of Tokyo (1980), he joined the Economic Planning Agency, Government of Japan in 1980 as an Economist and served until 2001. During his tenure at the agency, he obtained his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of Hawaii (1992). He also served as a Country Economist dealing with the People's Republic of China at the Asian Development Bank from 1993-1996. Dr. Abe started his academic career as a Professor at Tokyo Denki University, as well as a Research Advisor at the National Institute of Research Advancement (NIRA) in 2001.



Dr. Ando holds a B.A. in Economics from Keio University and an M.A. and Ph.D. in Economics from the Graduate School of Economics, Keio University. She served as Researcher at The Mitsubishi Economic Research Institute (2004-'05); Research Analyst at the World Bank Institute (2003-'04); Intern at the Integration, Trade and Hemispheric Issues Division, Integration and Regional Programs Department, Inter-American Development Bank (2002); and Research Associate in the Faculty of Economics, Keio University, before assuming her current post in April 2005.


Full Professor, Department of Economics, De La Salle University

In addition to her professorial position, Dr. Austria is also currently the Dean of the College of Business and Economics of De La Salle University. Prior to joining academia, she was Senior Research Fellow at the Philippine Institute for Development Studies and Director of the Philippine APEC Study Center Network (PASCN) Secretariat. She was also involved in regional economic planning during her stint with the National Economic and Development Authority. She earned her M.A. in Economics of Development and her Ph.D. in Economics at the Australian National University. Her areas of specialization include: trade, investment and industrial policy, development economics, international trade, competition policy, and regional integration. She has published journal articles, monographs, and chapters in books along these areas.


Professor of Economics and Director for Center on FTA Studies, Inha University

Professor of Economics and Director for Center on FTA Studies, Inha University Dr. Cheong has been actively involved in Korea's FTA policy formation and in official studies for economic feasibility in Korea's major FTAs with Japan, the U.S., ASEAN, etc. His experience varies from Research Fellow at the Korean Institute for International Economic Policy (KIEP) (1996-2004) to Secretariat General for the East Asian Vision Group (EAVG) (1999-2000). He advises FTA policies for several governmental ministries such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade, as well as participates at official negotiations for bilateral FTAs with Chile, Singapore, ASEAN, Japan and etc. He holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in Economics from Michigan State University, and a B.A. in Economics from Hanyang University.

Major works: East Asian Regionalism: Prospects and Challenges, Springer, 2005, Korea-Japan FTA: Toward a Model Case for East Asian Economic Integration, KIEP, 2005

CHO Jungran

Research Fellow, Center on FTA Studies, Inha University

Dr. Cho has been studying trading system in FTAs, especially Korea's bilateral FTAs with Chile, Singapore, and ASEAN. Her recent research areas are FTA business model, customs clearance system and preferential rules of origin in major FTAs. Currently she is advising Korea Customs Service. Before assuming her current post in March 2006, Dr. Cho served as Researcher at The Business Research Institute (2005-'06) in Takushoku University. She received her D.C.S. and M.A. from the Graduate School at Takushoku University.

Major works: Rules of Origin in FTAs, Korea Economic Research Institute, 2005, "Japan's Position about the Discussion on East Asian Economic Integration", International Regional Studies, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, 2006


Principal Advisor, Integration and Regional Programs Department, Inter-American Development Bank

Dr. Estevadeordal has expertise in trade, economic integration, and cooperation policies in Latin America and the Caribbean, Asia, and Europe. He coordinates the IDB's technical assistance and policy research on trade and integration issues as well as several joint IDB initiatives with the WTO, OECD, and various U.N. agencies. Before joining the IDB he taught at the University of Barcelona and Harvard University. He holds a Ph.D. and an M.A. in Economics from Harvard University and a B.A. in Economics from the University of Barcelona. He has participated as coordinator in several IDB reports.

Dr. Estevadeordal has contributed as author in several books and to journals such as American Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of Economics. He has also edited several books including The Origin of Goods: Rules of Origin in Preferential Trade Agreements (co-editor, Oxford University Press-CEPR, 2006).

Christopher FINDLAY

Head and Professor, School of Economics, The University of Adelaide

Dr. Findlay was previously Professor of Economics in the Asia Pacific School of Economics and Government at the Australian National University (ANU). His research focuses on Australia's economic relations with Asia, and he has special interest in the reform and industrialization of the Chinese economy. Dr. Findlay has also been a principal researcher in a continuing major research program on impediments to services trade and investment funded by the Australian Research Council. He holds a Ph.D. and M.Ec. from ANU and an Honours degree in Economics from the University of Adelaide. He became a Member of the General Division of the Order of Australia (AM) in January 2007.

Major works: Competition Policy in International Airline Markets: An Agenda and a Proposed Solution (co-author), 2006; Measuring the effect of food safety standards on China's agricultural exports (co-author)



Dr. Itakura is a faculty member of the Graduate School of Economics, Nagoya City University. His research interests are in international trade, trade policy analysis, and CGE model and database development. Prior to Nagoya City University, Dr. Itakura worked at the Center for Global Trade Analysis, home of the Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP), and the SEAS Lab at Purdue University, and as a consultant at the World Bank. In May 2004, he earned his Ph.D. in Agricultural Economics from Purdue University.



Prior to his current position, Dr. Kimura served as Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics at Keio University (1994-2000), and Assistant Professor in the Department of Economics at the State University of New York at Albany (1991-'94). His fields of researchinterest are international trade and development economics. Professor Kimura obtainedhis Ph.D. (Economics) from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Major works: Asia & Europe: Beyond Competing Regionalism, Brighton (edited with Kiichiro Fukasaku and Shujiro Urata), Sussex Academic Press, 1998; "Two-dimensional Fragmentation in East Asia: Conceptual Framework and Empirics" (with Mitsuyo Ando), International Review of Economics and Finance, 14, Issue 3, 2005; "International Production and Distribution Networks in East Asia: Eighteen Facts, Mechanics, and Policy Implications", Asian Economic Policy Review, 1, Issue 2, December 2006



Mr. Kobayashi served as Researcher at the UFJ Institute Ltd. (2002-'05), Fellow at Institute of International Economic Law, Georgetown University Law Center (2000), Fellow in the Matsushita Institute of Government and Management (1998-2001). He also interned in the Intellectual Property Division, World Trade Organization, Geneva (2000), Internship in Division of Competition Law and Policy and Consumer Protection, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (2000), Directorate G - Multilateral Commercial Policies and WTO and OECD questions, Directorate General for Trade, the European Commission (1999). He received a B.A. and M.A. in Law from Waseda University as well as an LL.M. from the Georgetown University Law Center.

Major works: "Analysis of Japanese Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures," Boueki to Kanzei, 2004; "Two-level game analysis of the WTO Agricultural Negotiation," Boueki to Kanzei, September 2003



After graduating from the Faculty of Law at the University of Tokyo, Mr. Kotera has served as Associate Professor and Professor of International Law at Tokyo Metropolitan University and the University of Tokyo since 1980. His fields of research interest are international law, international economic law, and the WTO system from the legal viewpoint. Mr. Kotera was a member of the Permanent Expert Group (PEG) of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures at the World Trade Organization (1996-'99).

Major works: Legal Structure of WTO System, University of Tokyo Press, 2000 (in Japanese); Basic Structure of International Law, Yuhikaku, 1997 (in Japanese); "On the Legal Character of Retaliation in the World Trade Organization System", in Nisuke Ando et al. ed., Liber Amicorum Judge Shigeru Oda Volume 1, Kluwer Law International, 2002



Prior to his current position, Mr. Nakatomi served as Deputy Director-General, Economic Affairs Bureau, MOFA (2004); Deputy Director-General, Trade Policy Bureau, METI (2003); Director for Manufacturing Industries Policy, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, METI (2002); Director, Multilateral Trade System Department, Trade Policy Bureau, METI (2001); Director, Trade Agreement Administration Division, International Economic Affairs Department, International Trade Policy Bureau, MITI (currently METI); Director, Standards Division, Standards Department, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, MITI; Director, Tariff Division, International Economic Affairs Department, International Trade Policy Bureau, MITI; Counselor, Permanent Mission of Japan in Geneva; Director for Policy Planning, International Trade Policy Bureau, MITI; Deputy Director, Planning Division, Planning Department, Small and Medium Enterprise Agency, MITI. He graduated from the University of Tokyo with a B.A. in Law (1977).



Professor Ohga lectures on food economics, environmental economics, and resource economics. At the University of Tokyo he studied agricultural economics and received a degree in agricultural sciences. He serves as the Senior Consultant for the Food andAgriculture Organization (FAO) in developing the ASEAN Food Security Simulation Model. Professor Ohga is the Chairman of the Food and Agriculture Committee of the Japan Pacific Economic Cooperation Council. He served as Chairman of the Food SecurityCommittee of the Japan FAO Association. Professor Ohga also worked for FAO in the late 1970s and IFPRI in early 1990s. He is the original developer of the World Food Model for the FAO and International Food Policy Simulation Model for the International Food PolicyResearch Institute (IFPRI).



Prior to his current position, Mr. Oikawa served as Senior Executive Director, Development Bank of Japan (2003-'05); Advisor, Nomura Research Institute, Ltd. (2002-'03); Research Counselor, TEPIA (2002-'03) Commissioner, Japan Patent Office; Director-General Bureau of Equipment, Japan Defense Agency; Director-General for Policy Coordination, Minister's Secretariat; Councilor, Cabinet Secretariat; Deputy Director-General for Security Export Control, International Trade Administration Bureau; Director, Coordination Division, Bureau of Equipment, Japan Defense Agency; Director, Small Enterprise Policy Division, Small and Medium Enterprise Agency; Counselor, Japanese Mission to European Community, Ministry of Foreign Affairs; Director, Paper, Pulp & Printing Division, Consumer Goods Industries Bureau. Mr. Oikawa graduated from the University of Tokyo with a B.A. in Economics.



Mr. Okayama is concurrently Deputy General Manager of the International Division of the Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry. He assumes primary responsibility for trade policy issues concerning the WTO and FTAs, including rules of origin and certificates of origin with regard to FTAs involving Japan. He joined the Tokyo Chamber of Commerce and Industry (TCCI) in 1982 and has been posted in a variety of Chamber divisions, including Employment Policy Research, General Administration, and Business Certificate. He served as the General Manager of the Japan Business Society of Detroit (U.S.) from 1993-1996. Mr. Okayama was involved in the activities of the APEC Business Advisory Council (ABAC) from 1999-2005. In May 2001, the Government of Japan appointed him as an Alternate Member of ABAC, a position he held until April 2005.

Jeffrey J. SCHOTT

Senior Fellow, Peter G. Peterson Institute for International Economics

During his tenure, Mr. Schott also has been a Visiting Lecturer at Princeton University (1994) and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University (1986-'88). Previously, he was an official of the U.S. Treasury Department (1974-'82) in the areas of international trade and energy policy. He graduated from Washington University in St. Louis (1971), and holds an M.A. degree with distinction in international relations from the School of Advanced International Studies of Johns Hopkins University (1973). Since January 2003, he has been a member of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee of the U.S. government.

Major works: NAFTA Revisited: Achievements and Challenges (co-author); Institute forInternational Economics, 2005; Free Trade Agreements: US Strategies and Priorities, Institute for International Economics, 2004


Director, APEC Study Centre, and Associate Professor of Economics, The University of Auckland

Dr. Scollay was educated at Victoria and Auckland Universities and at Cambridge University. He spent several years in the private sector, working in an international trading company, before joining the Economics Department at the University of Auckland, where he was also appointed Director of the New Zealand APEC Study Centre in 1995. In recent years, he has also served as a visiting scholar at the Institute for International Economics, UNCTAD, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, Bocconi University, the Sorbonne University, and Universidad del Pacifico. He has undertaken research consultancies for several international organizations, as well as various agencies of the New Zealand government. His recent research and publications have focused on issues relating to regional trade agreements and regional integration, especially in the Asia-Pacific region, and to multilateral liberalization and globalization.



Mr. Takahashi graduated from the Department of Political Economy, Waseda University and started working as a reporter at the Nihon Keizai Shimbun (Nikkei) in 1982. He joined the Japan Center for Economic Research as an economist in 1987, returned to Nikkei in 1993, and began serving as a Chief Economist at the Sanwa Research Institute in 1998. He assumed his present post at Kobe University in 2004.

Major works: Asia Keizai Doutairon, Keisoshobo, forthcoming (in Japanese); Global Economy, Toyo Keizai Inc., 2001(in Japanese)



Professor Urata received his B.A. in Economics from Keio University (1973), and his M.A. (1976) and Ph.D. (1978) in Economics from Stanford University. He worked at the Brookings Institution, Washington, DC (1978-'81) and The World Bank (1981-'86). Since 1986, he served as a lecturer, Assistant Professor, Professor at Faculty of Social Sciences, Waseda University, as well as working at the Economic Research Institute, Economic Planning Agency (1995-'99) and the People's Finance Corporation Research Institute (1997-'99). He has also been a Research Fellow, Japan Center for Economic Research since 1995. His expertise is in international economics, and development economics.

Major works: Competitiveness, FDI and Technological Activity in East Asia (co-edited with Sanjaya Lall), Edward Elgar, 2003; Bilateral Trade Agreements: Origins, evolution, and implications (co-edited with Vinod K. Aggarwal), Routledge, 2005; The Political Economy of the Proliferation of FTAs (co-authored with Yung Chul Park and Inkyo Cheong), Korea Economic Research Institute (KERI), 2005; Multinationals and Economic Growth in East Asia (co-edited with Chia Siow Yue and Fukunari Kimura), Routledge, 2006.



Formerly Dr. Wakasugi served as Vice President, Yokohama National University (2000-'03); Dean, Department of Economics, Yokohama National University (1998-2000); Professor, Department of Economics, Yokohama National University (1992-2004), after worked for Ministry of International Trade and Industry. He received Ph.D. in Economics from The University of Tokyo and M.A. in Economics from Yale University.

Major Works: "Vertical Intra-industry Trade and Economic Integration in East Asia", Asian Economic Papers, Vol 6, No 1, 2007; "The Effects of Chinese Regional Conditions on the Location Choice of Japanese Affiliates," Japanese Economic Review, Vol. 56, No. 4, 2005.