GOTO Akira

GOTO Akira

GOTO Akira

Faculty Fellow (until March 31, 2016)

Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies

Activities at RIETI


Economics of innovation, Economics of competition policy including national innovation systems, Intellectual property rights, University-industry cooperation, Nexus of innovation and competition policy.

Research Projects


1993 Ph.D., Economics, Hitotsubashi University
1968 B.A., Economics, Hitotsubashi University


2012 Professor, National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies
2007 Commissioner, Fair Trade Commission, Government of Japan
2004 Professor, Research Center for Advanced Science and Technology, The University of Tokyo
2001 Professor, (Director 2003-2004) Research Center for Advanced Economic Engineering, The University of Tokyo
1997 - 2001 Professor, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University
1995 - 1997 Director of Research, National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP), Science and Technology Agency
1989 - 2001 Professor, Faculty of Economics, Hitotsubashi University
1973 Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, Professor, Department of Economics, Seikei University

Selected Publications and Papers

Intellectual Property Rights, Development, and Catch-up, Oxford University Press, 2010 (ed. With H.Odagiri, A.Sunami, and R.Nelson)

Japan's National Innovation System: Rebuilding the Engine of Growth (in Japanese), University of Tokyo Press, 2006 (ed. with T. Kodama).

Innovation in Japan, Oxford University Press, 1997 (ed. with H. Odagiri).

Competition Policy in a Global Economy, Routledge, 1996 (ed. with W. Comanor and L. Waverman).

Technology and Industrial Development in Japan, Oxford University Press, 1996 (with H. Odagiri).

Nihon no gijutsu kakushin to sangyo soshiki [Innovation and Industrial Organization in Japan], Tokyo University Press, 1993.

Articles and Chapters
"Patent statistics as innovation indicators" with Sadao Nagaoka and Kazuyuki Motohashi, in Handbook of Economics of Innovation (eds.) Bronwyn Hall and Nathan Rosenberg, North-Holland, 2010.

"Innovation and Competition Policy," Japanese Economic Review Vol.60,No.1 March 2009,

"Construction of a Japanese Patent Database and a first look at Japanese patenting activities" (with Kazuyuki Motohashi), Research Policy, Vol.36, Issue9, 2007

"Analysis of Propensity to Patent and Science-Dependence of Large Japanese Manufacturers of Electrical Machinery," Scientometrics, Vol. 68, No. 2, pp. 265-288, July 2006 (with Jun Suzuki, Kiminori Gemba, Schumpeter Tamada, Yoshihito Yasaki).

"The Role of Corporate Scientists in Innovation," Research Policy, Vol.35, 2005, pp. 22-36 (with R. Furukawa).

"R&D Spillovers, Patents and the Incentives to Innovate in Japan and the United States," Research Policy, Vol.31, 2002, pp. 1349-1367 (with W. Cohen, A. Nagata, R. Nelson, J. Walsh).

"Industry-Science Relationships in Japan," in OECD (ed.) Benchmarking Industry-Science Relationships, OECD 2002 (with R. Shimoda).

"Japan's National Innovation System: Current Status and Problems," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Summer 2000, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 103-113.

"Small Open Economies in an Increasingly Connected World," International Social Science Journal, No. 160, June 1999, pp. 195-201, (with Brendan Barker).

"Vertical Restraints and Market Access," Empirica, No. 24, 1997, pp. 21-36 (with Sadao Nagaoka).

"The Japanese System of Innovation: Past, Present and Future," in R. Nelson, ed., National System of Innovation, Oxford University Press, 1993 (with H. Odagiri).

"Technology Importation: Japan's Postwar Experience," in J. Teranishi and Y. Kowai, eds., The Japanese Experience of Economic Reforms, St. Martin's Press, 1993.

"R&D Capital, Rate of Return on R&D Investment and Spillover of R&D in Japanese Manufacturing Industries," Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 71, No. 4, November 1989, pp. 555-564 (with Kazuyuki Suzuki).

"Japan: A Sunset Industry," in Merton J. Peck, ed., The World Aluminum Industry in an Era of Changing Energy Prices, John Hopkins University Press, 1988.

"Picking Losers: Public Policy Toward Declining Industries in Japan," Journal of Japanese Studies, 1987, pp. 79-123 with M.J. Peck and R.C. Levin). (included in J. Shoven, ed., Government Policy towards Industry in the United States and Japan, Cambridge University Press, 1988).

"Business Groups in a Market Economy," European Economic Review, Vol. 19, No. 1, September 1982, pp. 53-70.

"Technology and Economic Growth: The Case of Japan," Research Policy, 10, 1981, pp. 222-243 (with M.J. Peck). (included in Tushman and Moore, eds., Readings in the Management of Innovation, Pitman, 1982).

"Statistical Evidence on the Diversification of Japanese Large Firms," Journal of Industrial Economics, Vol. 14, March 1981, pp. 271-278.